成都举例分析如何读懂托福阅读的词句和结构

作者:朗阁小编老师来源:朗阁教育时间:2021-10-13 14:12:04

摘要:举例分析如何读懂托福阅读的词句和结构

大家都知道大伙儿对GRE、GMAT的阅读了解,务必应用结构型的巡读音开展,高效率,成效高,由于GRE及其GMAT阅读了解的周期性是特别强,与此同时大家阅读是阅读其文章的逻辑性,因而是用思维逻辑实际操作逻辑性阅读,可是大家还要了解能做对阅读题型的与此同时,大家还要根据每一篇GRE、GMAT阅读文章来训练自身真真切切的阅读工作能力,比如:长难句的逻辑思维能力、语汇的累积,作文素材的累积、及其创作构造的把握。可以说,每一篇GRE阅读了解全是大家复习GRE、GMAT创作的Issue一部分的较好的素材网及其范例展现,如今,大家拿GRE阅读NO题的NO8-1这篇文章做一个示范性,来表明一下除开大家做对每一个阅读单选题之外,大家需要从阅读文章中得到些哪些資源,*炼出一个文章的什么“语言表达因素”有助于英语工作能力的*升 、GRE/GMAT写作水平的*升 ,而不只是应考阅读工作能力的*升 。   NO8-1,大家从“词--句--章节”来谈一谈这篇文章。   全文:   Geologists have long known that the Earth's mantle is heterogeneous, but its spatial arrangement remains unresolved—is the mantle essentially layered or irregularly heterogeneous? The best evidence for the layered-mantle thesis is the well-established fact that volcanic rocks found on oceanic islands, islands believed to result from mantle plumes arising from the lower mantle,are composed of material fundamentally different from that of the midocean ridge system, whose source, most geologists contend, is the upper mantle.Some geologists, however, on the basis of observations concerning mantle xenoliths, argue that the mantle is not layered, but that heterogeneity is created by fluids rich in "incompatible elements" (elements tending toward liquid rather than solid state) percolating upward and transforming portions of the upper mantle irregularly, according to the vagaries of the fluids' pathways. We believe, perhaps unimaginatively, that this debate can be resolved through further study, and that the underexplored midocean ridge system is the key.   一、难词   spatial: a.1.室内空间的,外太空的;2.存有(或是产生)于宇宙空间的   plume: n.1.羽状物质2.柱,地柱   xenolith:俘获岩   percolate:v.1.渗入2.蔓延到,弥漫着于   portions: n.一部分   二、难句   1.the best evidence for the layered-mantle thesis is the well-established fact that volcanic rocks found on oceanic islands,islands believed to result from mantle plumes arising from the lower mantle,are composed of material fundamentally different from that of the mid-ocean ridge system, whose source,mostgeologists contend,is the upper mantle.   针对地幔分层次论点论据而言,*好是的直接证据乃那样一个确定的客观事实,即在这些深海海岛——这种海岛据信是来源于由下一层地幔升上去的地幔柱型溶岩流(mantle plume)——上看到的火山岩,是由与深海中间山脉系统软件的化学物质压根不一样的化学物质产生的,而这一深海中间山脉系统软件的诱因,大部分地理学家辩论技巧道,为上端地幔。   难句种类:繁杂修饰、插入语   表述:本句前边的主杆并不是很难,即the evidence is the fact that,难就难在fact以后表明fact 的同位语从句。此从句中不仅有一大段插入语,又有从句,比较难懂。同位语从句的谓语是volcanic rocks,谓语后边的found on oceanic islands是分词修饰volcanic rocks的;islands后边又有一个表明islands的同位语islands believed to result from mantle plumes arising from the lower mantle,此同位语具体具有一个隔开主谓的同位语的功效。之后是谓语动词are composed/of fundamentally different from that of the midocean ridge system, whose source, most geologists contend, is the upper mantle。   句中有一些特有语汇。假如撇开文章不用说,单看这一个语句,则句首的layered mantle thesis就难以理解。可是假如阅读者可以了解语句的大概含意,见到layered mantle thesisr*强有力直接证据便是其原材料fundamentally different from… the upper mantle,这应当能够猜测出,即然有别于顶层地幔,则这一基础理论一定是在说地幔有不一样的方面。   2. some geologists,however,on the basis of observations concerning mantlexenoliths, argue that the mantle isnot layered,but that heterogeneity is created by fluids rich in "incompatible elements" (elements tending towardliquid rather than solid state)percolating upward and transformingportions of the upper mantleirregularly,according to the vagaries of the fluids’ pathways. (4 )   可是,一些地理学家,以对地幔捕虏岩石(xenolith)所做的观查为根据,指出地幔并不是是分段排序的,反过来,地幔的异质性是由这些含有“不兼容成份”的流食组成的,这种成份趋于液体并非固态的情况,由上而下渗入蔓延,并按照这种流食流入的任意性,不规律地将上端地幔的某种一部分给予更改。   难句种类:繁杂修饰、插入语   表述:本句的主句中有一个长插入语however,on the basis of observations concerning mantle xenoliths,隔断了主谓,但语句的具体难度系数也是在that正确引导的宾语从句中,从句中有由but 所联接的2个语句,一起持续到句末。优选是rich in incompatible elements修饰fluids;后边又有一个同位语和一个分词构造,全是修饰incompatible elements的,*终还有一个状语来修饰那一个分词构造,逐层修饰,较为复杂。   三、文章构造   Ts是文章的*句,因而这一篇短文章是结果表述型。文章逐渐讲出了地幔是heterogeneous,随后又指出了他的spatial arrangement remains unresolved,随后*到了二种基础理论,一是layyered-mantle thesis,此外一个是irregularly heterogeneous.随后各自对这二种基础理论开展describe.*终创作者指出,We believe,perhaps unimaginatively, that this debate can be resolved through further study, and that the underexplored midocean ridge system is the key.     大量toefl阅读指导》》   大量toefl新闻资讯请浏览》》》新航道雅思网TOEFL频道栏目 (责编:郭潇默)      我想报辅导班》》新航道雅思TOEFL课程内容

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