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详细 | 地形图怎么做!

  • 来源:朗阁教育
  • 2018-01-22 11:02:27.000
  • 编辑:朗阁教育

2014年雅思听力的地图题平均一个月出现一次,2015年平均一个月出现两次。2016年1月(包括AB卷)出现了3次,2月份至今平均一个月出现2-3次地图题。由此可见,地图题是万千烤鸭想考取高分时必须攻克的题型。

雅思听力地图题应该这样做

 

朗阁海外考试研究中心  孙绍弟

 

2014年雅思听力的地图题平均一个月出现一次,2015年平均一个月出现两次。2016年1月(包括AB卷)出现了3次,2月份至今平均一个月出现2-3次地图题。由此可见,地图题是万千烤鸭想考取高分时必须攻克的题型。纵观往年真题结合剑桥真题不难发现,地图题题型也是慢慢变化着的,由早期的填空型的地图题慢慢演变成了配对型的地图题,这也是为什么近年来总结题型时会把地图题归在选择题题型里面的原因。

 

地图题分类:

Ø  方位性的地图题:上次说到方位词的第三种用法便是其在地图题中发挥的作用。自然而然的有一种地图题是有指南针标识的,所以会出现各种方位词。参考C922的地图题可以看到非常清楚的compass(指南针)标识。

Ø  上下(左右)结构的地图题。上下左右结构的图可以参考下图C412, 左右结构的图可以参考C632。

Ø  交通构造类,参考C842。

Ø  室内结构类,参考C1021(海外版)。

 

一、解决方位性的地图题

 

我们先来复习一下方位词的名词:north, south, west, east

形容词:northern, southern, western, eastern

除此以外,我们需要熟悉表示东南东北西南西北方向的方位词:southeast, northeast, southwest, northwest. 这些合成词具有名词及形容词词性,表示方向。South east如果单词分开时为名词词性,表达地区,东南地区。

另外需要注意的是southern part(形容词+名词的表达方式)e.g. southern part of the park=south of the park, western section of the park=west of the park.

Hinchingbrooke Park

 

 

解决了这些问题,我们需要用最快的速度审题默读出地图题中出现的所有单词)能帮助我们听到该词的时候迅速定位。

审题要素:

`1.` 出现的单词:east gate, west gate, lake, refreshments(熟悉该单词的同学应该知道它指的是snacks and drinks, 茶点,所以它不是一个地点名词)

`2.` 审查17-20(都是地点名词可以很好的定位)

`3.` 图中出现小路:小路/小径的表达方式:path, route(路线)alley, lane

`4.` 图中出现典型的形状:我们有必要普及下常考的形状的单词:

圆形:round, rounded shape, circle. n. circular. adj. circular shape

正方形:square

矩形:rectangle n. rectangular adj. rectangular shape

其他形状:oval椭圆,dome圆屋顶,diamond菱形

 

我们在听题后会发现它说you can see two gates into the park, and the main paths, as you can see, there’s a lake in the north west of the park(公园西北部), with a 17. bird hide to the west of it(湖的西部), at the end of a path(在路的尽头). Fairly close to where refreshments are available(靠近可以得到茶点的地方), there’s a 18.dog-walking area in the southern part of the park(公园的南部). 19. The flower garden, that’s the circular area(圆形区域) on the map surrounded by paths. There’s a 20.wooded area in the western section of the park(公园西部), between two paths.

NB. 红体字部分是我们重点强调过的也是需要大家能熟悉掌握最终可以为我们所用的内容。

其他典型的方位性的地图题大家可以参考C822, C742。

 

二、解决上下(左右)结构的地图题

 

下图是C412的地图题(14-20)

 

参照方位词的结构我们可以画出上下左右结构top, bottom, left and right, 以及左上(top left), 右上(top right), 左下(bottom left), 右下(bottom right)。

这个图可以很快帮我们定位到我们对应的题。值得注意的是这道题是填空型的地图题而非目前常考的配对型地图题,但是总结该题的规律及生词对我们应对其他地图题会有很大帮助。

 

审题顺序:

1. 仍然是迅速观察地图题中已给的地点名词。

2. 14题的标志以及箭头提示我们该题开始的位置就是14题。如果套用我们的上下左右结构图,便会听到bottom, 15, 16题分别是我们的right and left side, 然后17题位置是top right (hand) corner, 然后是18题说出位置top right hand corner, 和18题对称的是grinding shop, 所以不听题大概能推断这么多。

 

听题的时候会发现:

On the left, you can see the river, running along the bottom is 14. Woodside road, now we are standing at the entrance, immediately to our right is the 15. xxxxxxxxxx..........in front of us(我们的前面)is the car park, on the left, by(紧挨着) the entry gate替换了entrance is the 16. xxxxxxx. Beyond the car park, all the buildings are arranged in a half circle with a yard in the middle. The big stone building at the top is the 17. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, that’s where the furnace is and where all the metal was smelted and the tools were cast(单词需要掌握), .......now, in the top right-hand corner, that building with bigger windows is the 18. xxxxxxxx. Where samples of all the tools were made through the ages are on display. In the top left corner is the Grinding shop, where the tools were sharpened and finished. And on one side of that you can see the Engine room and on the other is the 19. xxxx. The row of buildings you can see on the left are the 20. xxxxxxx

NB. By=next to=besides紧挨着不同于close to

Entrance=entry gate

On one side of A, and on the other (side) 此处省略了side这个单词,为了避免重复。

 

左右结构的地图题C632

 

审题顺序:左右结构可以在左侧标记L.右侧标记R.

根据箭头提示应该是从information center出发。

小路:path, alley, route(路线), lane上面已经提到过一次。

箭头:arrow

拐角:corner

=: F, 和house =门,即gate/door/entry gate/entrance/exit/access

侧门我们叫side gate/door/entrance

 

这道题我们可以正常做一遍,一般上课我讲的话会让学生们盖住下面的14-17题,让学生写出听到的单词。

比如:Here we are the information center, following the path marked with the arrow. And the first area you come to is the orchard(果园) on your left. As you further down the path, there’s the kitchen garden(菜园子) on the right and as you round the first sharp corner you will find, to your left, an area where different types of pear tree have been planted as well as some lovely flowers. And this is known as pear alley.

Next to this is the greenhouse(温室) where some exotic(外来的) plants and fruits are grown, follow the path round the second corner and on your right you will see the entrance to the mulberry garden. Past the mulberry garden, follow the path until you reach the front of the house.(所以我们可以推断出房子的前门后面back of the house, 侧门side entrance) If you would like to purchase any of George’s books or other souvenirs, then leave the house by the side entrance, where you will find our shop, which is situated between the house and the garage,......visit the tea room on the far side of the garage.

 

大家需要注意红色字体标出的部分。

Next to=by=besides(前面已经提到过一次,在我们剑桥书的填空题中经常出现替换,参考C911第3题,C641第8题)

Exotic外来的外星球的,考过invasions of exotic

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